Play with Git
Using git in command line
First of all, we will check that Git is correctly installed.
The output should be something like :
git version 2.13.1
Now let's create our first git project !
cd /tmp mkdir myproject cd myproject git init
Your first Git repository has just been created ! Now, let's add some files to the repository
If you want to learn more about git commands, check the git documentation
Create a file with some text:
echo "Hello world" >> toto.txt ls git status
We can see that git is aware of our file but has not added it to our repository
git add toto.txt git status
Your work is now ready to be committed to the repository you are working on so you can work in it from anywhere (in our case, we made it locally so it is only accessible from this computer) and follow each modification that had been made to your files. In case of error or mistake, you will be able at any time to recover your last version.
Lets add some more files first !
mkdir dir1 echo "Writing some text on dir1" >> ./dir1/project.txt mkdir dir2 echo "Another directory, another text" >> ./dir2/testing.txt tree git status
With the tree command you can see the files that you have created. It should look like this:
. ├── dir1 │ └── project.txt ├── dir2 │ └── testing.txt └── toto.txt 2 directories, 3 files
You can see with git status the work that is ready to be commited and the work that is not yet in your repository. To add it all to the repository :
git add . git status
Now, all your files are ready to be commited. To do that :
git commit -m "Adding files" git status
Congratulations, you have added your first files to your first repository !
For more detailed explanations and exercises, you can do the full tutorial
Now, let's have some fun on a real server.
cd /tmp mkdir project2 ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 2048 scp .ssh/id_rsa.pub git.bolay.co git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:sandbox ls cd sandbox
You can now try it by yourself modifying, adding, deleting files. Do whatever you want !
Now that you are on a server, you will need to execute:
after the commit to publish the commits.
You can take a look at what is happening graphically with the command
When you want to continue working on a repository, you will need to execute
to load the last version of it.
Reference : Git Getting Started